台東石雨傘

台東石雨傘位於成功鎮北方10公里的海岸,長達1公里左右,為由海岸延伸至海中的海岬,屬於石灰石隆起的海蝕地形,狹長岩岬、海蝕地貌、礁石,往東北方向斜伸入海。
狀似象鼻的突岬岩質屬大港口層之礫岩,其間的鬆軟部分長期因受到海水侵蝕分成數段,有中空的海蝕門景觀,當地人稱為石空鼻。石空鼻上有一個很奇特的景觀,叫做平衡岩,平衡岩是由一塊較細長的岩石懸空向上,托住了一塊較大的岩石,形成特殊的平衡結構,看起來像一把雨傘,因而稱為石雨傘。

台東石雨傘
台東石雨傘

岬角因海蝕而分為數段,前端更成為零星顯礁。岬角上面的有2個平衡岩,無數的壺穴,岬角後端則有海蝕門(海拱)、海蝕洞(海穴),洞中有石灰岩溶積地形。

台東石雨傘
台東石雨傘

台東石雨傘石雨傘在多樣的地質景觀中,最為著名的是平衡岩,平衡岩指的是巨大的岩塊,底部僅以一小部分與地面岩石相接,而維持平衡不墜。之所以造成如此特別的景觀,是因為上下的岩石質地不同,上方屬較堅硬的珊瑚礁岩,下方則為稍弱的礫岩,經日積月累差異侵蝕,變成下面較細、上面較粗的模樣。
台東石雨傘石空鼻的平衡岩是由海階崖掉落的珊瑚礁塊,覆蓋在抗蝕力較弱礫岩上,由於差別侵蝕,下部的礫岩逐漸被剝削,而形成上大下小的形態,看起來像一把天然的雨傘,故稱為石雨傘。

台東石雨傘
台東石雨傘

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